Chapter 30. Of the Lord's Supper
Article 1. The supper of the Lord Jesus was instituted by Him the same night in which He was betrayed to be observed in His churches for the perpetual remembrance and showing forth of the sacrifice of Himself in His death, for the confirmation of the faith of believers in all the benefits of this sacrifice, for their spiritual nourishment and growth in Him, for their further engagement in all duties owed to Him, and for a bond and pledge of their communion with Him and with each other.
Article 2. In this ordinance Christ is not offered up to His Father, nor any real sacrifice made at all for remission of sin, but only a memorial of that one offering up of Himself by Himself upon the cross, once for all, and a spiritual oblation of all possible praise unto God for the same. The sacrifice of the mass is therefore abominable, slanderous of Christ's own sacrifice, the only propitiation for all the sins of the elect.
Article 3. In this ordinance, the Lord Jesus has appointed His ministers to pray and bless the elements of bread and wine, and thereby to set them apart from a common to a holy use. They are to take and break the bread, to take the cup, and to give both to the communicants and themselves.
Article 4. The denial of the cup to the people, worshiping the elements, lifting them up or carrying them about for adoration, and reserving them for any pretended religious use are all contrary to the nature of this ordinance and to the institution of Christ.
Article 5. The outward elements in this ordinance, duly set apart to the use ordained by Christ, have such relation to Him crucified, that at times they are truly, though figuratively, called by the names of the things they represent, namely, the body and blood of Christ. However, in substance and nature they remain truly and only bread and wine, as they were before.
Article 6. That doctrine which maintains a change of the substance of bread and wine into the substance of Christ's body and blood, commonly called transubstantiation, by consecration of a priest, or by any other way, is repugnant not to Scripture alone, but even to common sense and reason, overthrows the nature of the ordinance, and promotes superstition and idolatry.
Article 7. Worthy receivers outwardly partaking of the visible elements in this ordinance do then also inwardly by faith, really and indeed, yet not carnally or corporally, but spiritually, receive and feed on Christ crucified and all the benefits of His death. The body and blood of Christ are then present, not corporally or carnally, but spiritually, to the faith of believers in that ordinance, as the elements themselves are to their outward senses.
Article 8. As all unbelieving and ungodly persons are unfit to enjoy communion with Christ, so are they unworthy of the Lord's table and cannot without great sin against Him, while they remain such, partake of these holy mysteries or be admitted to them. Indeed, whosoever shall receive unworthily is guilty of the body and blood of the Lord, eating and drinking judgment to himself.